Imbolc marks the time in the Northern Hemisphere when the light begins to return and we move out of the cold, dark winter months. Imbolc means “in the belly” and is celebrated from February 1 through sundown February 2 marking the time in the Northern hemisphere when the earth begins to warm and the slumbering seeds begin to awaken.

It is a festival of fertility and light where we are invited to celebrate the first signs of spring, the start of the agricultural year. Imbolc is midway through winter and celebrates the growing light. We are saying goodbye to the crone months of winter and welcoming the Goddess in her maiden form.

Traditionally women would gather to celebrate and welcome the Goddess embodied as Brigid. This is generally a time of celebration, the birth of livestock and the blessings we are to receive. It is also a holiday which is centered on the household, and freshening up your home getting ready for spring.

Ideas for an Imbolc Ritual:

*At sunset, light candles safely in every room to celebrate the sun’s birth.

*Visit a river or stream. If it is clean and safe splash some over yourself as a symbol of purification.

*Create a cleansing bath ritual for yourself. This will not only nourish your body but purify your mind and soul.

*Plant seeds and start planning what you will grow now winter is starting to pass!

The Legend of Brigid:

(A summary and quotes from Clas Merdin’s article Brigid’s Eternal Flame: https://clasmerdin.blogspot.com/2014/02/brigids-eternal-flame.html)

St. Brigid’s Day is on February 1st each year as the light of the sun begins to return.

To the ancient Celts, the Goddess Brigid was venerated at the Goddess of the eternal flame.
At her temple at Cil Dare, an eternal fire burned tended by 19 virgins.

The number 19 is significant as it is the Metonic Lunar Cycle of 235 Lunar Months or 19 years at the end of which the the phases of the moon repeat in exactly the same way.

In c. 480AD, a Christian Monestary was built at the site of the Goddess temple, now called Kildare.
A Sacred Fire continued to burn at Kildare, the fire now representing the new light of Christianity, and the nuns who tended it were called, “The Daughters of the Flame”.

“In the 12th century the Welsh Chronicler Giraldus Cambrensis (Gerald of Wales) visited Kildare and recorded that the fire of Saint Brigid was still burning and attended by twenty “servants of the Lord” a clear reference to the tradition that each day, for nineteen days, a different priestess (or nun), would keep vigil over the sacred fire but on the twentieth day Brigid would tend the flame herself. By the time of Gerald’s writing the fire had been burning continuously for at least 600 years, probably several hundred more, yet had apparently never had its ashes cleaned out, yet the ashes never seemed to increase in size.”

No Male was ever allowed to come near the eternal flame and these women were not allowed to associate with men.

“In 1220 the Arch-Bishop of Dublin, Henry of London, ordered the flame extinguished. It is said the locals quickly re-lit it and the Eternal flame survived up to the suppression of the monasteries in the sixteenth century. When king Henry the 8th VIII ordered the destruction of monasteries, the flame was extinguished but never forgotten.”

The flame was re-ignited in 1807 on Saint Brigid’s day, 1st February. The the Bishop of Kildare, Daniel Delany, commenced the restoration of the the ancient order of the Sisterhood of Saint Brigid with the clear intention to revive her legacy.

About a hundred and fifty years later, the Vatican de-canonized St. Brigid in the 1960’s saying there was insufficient proof of her sanctity or existence.

“The flame was again re-ignited in 1993 at a conference, entitled “Brigid: Prophetess, Earthwoman, Peacemaker” held in celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Saint Brigid’s Peace Cross Project, Mary Teresa Cullen, the then leader of the Brigidine Sisters, re-kindled the Eternal flame in a ceremony in Kildare’s Market Square. Since then, the Brigidine Sisters have tended the flame in their centre, ‘Solas Bhride’ (Light of Brigid) in Kildare.

As Breo-Saighead (Fiery Arrow), Brigid was known as The Flame of Ireland; She is clearly the best example of the survival of an ancient Goddess into Christian times; disowned by the church, dismantled by the very hands that rocked her cradle, yet still held in high reverence by the people.”

Elizabeth Wilcock
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